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Air Conditioner Types and How To Choose One For Your Home - Megafurniture

Air Conditioner Types and How To Choose One For Your Home

Singapore has a humid climate and persistently warm weather, and because of this, we all seek refuge in a room where an air conditioner hits just the right note. But amidst the sea of options for air conditioners in Singapore, choosing the most suitable type for your needs may become overwhelming. By hitting an ideal unit, you are ensuring a cool retreat and making an intelligent choice for your wallet and the planet. 

Let us unveil the different types of air conditioners and spotlight the nitty-gritty details that come with them. After all, we all wanted an aircon that clicked with what we wanted, right?

Air Conditioner Basics: Difference Between Air Conditioner Units and AC Unit

Fundamentally, air conditioning is the art of adjusting and enhancing our surroundings for optimal comfort. However, you'll encounter confusing terms as you dive deep into the fundamentals.

For example, AC unit and air conditioner units might seem synonymous but carry distinct meanings. An "AC unit" typically pertains to a singular component, while "air conditioner units" might refer to the holistic system, including all its elements. 

Additionally, system 1 aircon for living room means a single cooling unit for one room. On the other hand, split-type aircon for small room is a design meant for tighter spaces. Understanding these subtle differences opens the way for a deeper appreciation of air conditioning's intricacies.

Choosing the Right Aircon for Different Spaces

Every space has unique cooling needs. For a cosy bedroom, you might wonder about the best aircon for a small bedroom.  For workspaces, the right "air-con unit for the office becomes essential.

In today's homes, the sleek air conditioner wall unit is gaining popularity, while the versatile room aircon unit fits seamlessly into various spaces. Beyond just cooling, it's also vital to consider units offering air conditioner heating and cooling for year-round comfort.

Types of Air Conditioners and Their Pros and Cons

Types of Air Conditioners and Their Pros and Cons

Central Air Conditioners

These are the most common types used in larger homes and buildings. They circulate cool air through a system of supply and return ducts.

Pros: Efficient for cooling large homes; consistent room temperatures; quieter as the main unit is outside. 

Cons: Expensive to install; requires ductwork; higher energy costs for large homes.

Price Range: SGD 5,000 - SGD 20,000+

Ductless, Mini-Split Air Conditioners

Ideal for homes without ductwork. Each room or zone has its air handler on the wall, ceiling, or floor.

Pros: No need for ductwork; individual room control; energy-efficient.

Cons: Higher upfront cost; requires professional installation; indoor units can be visually intrusive.

Price Range: SGD 1,000 - SGD 3,500 (depending on the number of indoor units)

Window Units

A compact unit that fits into a window. Suitable for cooling a single room.

Pros: Affordable; easy to install; ideal for small spaces.

Cons: Can block window views; less efficient for larger spaces; can be noisy.

Price Range: SGD 300 - SGD 800


Portable Units

Mobile air conditioners can be moved from room to room, expelling warm air through a window via a duct.

Pros: Mobile; no installation required; versatile.

Cons: Less efficient than other types; noisy; requires window access for exhaust.

Price Range: SGD 400 - SGD 1,200

Hybrid Air Conditioners

These systems alternate between burning fossil fuels and using electricity to save energy and reduce costs.

Pros: Energy-efficient; cost savings over time; eco-friendly.

Cons: Higher initial cost; requires professional installation.

Price Range: SGD 3,000 - SGD 10,000


Geothermal Heating and Cooling

The earth's consistent temperature is used to heat and cool homes by circulating fluid through underground pipes.

Pros: Highly efficient; sustainable; low operating costs.

Cons: Expensive to install; requires significant yard space for installation.

Price Range: SGD 20,000 - SGD 50,000+

Package Terminal Air Conditioners (PTAC)

Often found in commercial spaces or hotels, these units are installed through a hole in the wall and combine heating and cooling functions.

Pros: Both heating and cooling functions are commonly used in commercial spaces.

Cons: Can be noisy; less energy-efficient than other systems.

Price Range: SGD 1,000 - SGD 3,000


Evaporative Coolers

Also known as swamp coolers, they cool air by evaporating water. They're more efficient in dry climates.

Pros: Energy-efficient; adds moisture to the air; eco-friendly.

Cons: Best suited for dry climates; less effective in humid conditions.

Price Range: SGD 100 - SGD 800


Smart Air Conditioners

These are often Wi-Fi-enabled, allowing users to control them via smartphones or voice-controlled assistants.

Pros: Convenient controls via smartphones; energy-saving settings; integration with smart home systems.

Cons: More expensive than traditional units; requires Wi-Fi connection.

Price Range: SGD 1,500 - SGD 4,000


Choosing the Right Air Conditioner Unit For Your Home

Choosing the Right Air Conditioner Unit For Your Home

Whether it's an aircon unit for house or a more specific aircon home unit,  picking the suitable model is crucial. The size of the team, its energy efficiency, and cooling capacity should align with the size and layout of your home.

Benefits: Ensures efficient cooling; avoids overworking the unit; can lead to energy savings and reduced electricity bills.

Maintaining Your Home Air Conditioner 

  • Dust and debris can accumulate in filters, reducing efficiency. Clean or replace filters regularly.
  • Schedule professional maintenance at least once a year to check for potential issues and ensure the system runs smoothly.
  • Ensure the outdoor compressor is free from obstructions and clean it periodically.
  • If you notice unusual noises, reduced cooling, or sudden spikes in electricity bills, it might be time for a check-up.

Caring for Household Aircon Units

  •  Ensure the unit is placed in a location where airflow isn't obstructed.
  • Give your air conditioner breaks, especially during cooler parts of the day or when the room isn't in use.
  •  For window or wall units, ensure the external vents are free from obstructions and cleaned regularly.

How To Make The Right Choice For Your Air Conditioner

Key Considerations for Home Cooling Solutions

Space Dimensions: The layout and size of your living area play a pivotal role in determining the kind and capacity of the unit you'll need.

Efficiency Matters: Seek out units with commendable energy ratings. They might have a steeper initial price but can lead to long-term savings.

Financial Plan: While staying within your means is crucial, consider the extended costs, including upkeep and monthly energy expenses.

Local Weather Patterns: Your geographical location, be it humid, arid, or temperate, can influence the most suitable system for your home.

Diving Deeper into Cooling Systems: Varieties of Aircon Systems: Delve into the specifics, from comprehensive cooling solutions to individual room units and mobile coolers. Each offers a unique set of benefits and potential drawbacks.

Exploring the Cooling Spectrum: Beyond the basics, there are innovative options like eco-friendly hybrids, earth-sourced units, and digitally connected coolers. Acquaint yourself with these to pinpoint the best match for your living space.

Key Takeaway: 

Venturing into the air conditioner world can be intricate with its many options. Yet, by delving into the distinctions of the various types of air conditioners,  you're paving the way for a smart choice that aligns with your preferences and budget.

Next Steps for You

Contemplating a refreshing change for your environment? Explore our wide array of high-quality air conditioners. You might land into your ideal cooling companion for your space!

For Home Upgrade, Opt For These Articles:

Interior Design Singapore: Best Firms for Your Next Home Renovation

Your Ultimate Cheat Sheet to Renovation in Singapore: HDB Guidelines, Procedures & Tips


Bonus Treat: Simple DIY Cleaning Hack For Your Air Conditioner


Soft brush or vacuum with a brush attachment

Mild dish soap

Warm water

Spray bottle

Clean cloth or towel

Fin comb (optional)


  • Turn off and unplug your air conditioner before starting any cleaning.
  • Remove the filter from the front panel.
  • Gently vacuum any dust or debris from the filter.
  • Mix a few drops of mild dish soap in warm water for a deeper clean. Submerge the filter and gently agitate. Rinse thoroughly and let it air dry completely before reinstalling.
  • With the front panel open, you'll see the cooling coils. Using a soft brush, gently brush off any dust or debris.
  • Mix a solution of equal parts water and vinegar in a spray bottle. Lightly mist the coils with the solution. This not only cleans but also helps prevent mould and mildew.
  • Wipe away any excess moisture with a clean cloth.
  • If you notice any bent fins on the coils, you can straighten them using a fin comb, available at most hardware stores. This ensures optimal airflow.
  • Wipe down the exterior of the unit with a damp cloth. Ensure it's dry before plugging the unit back in.
  • Regularly cleaning your air conditioner, especially during heavy use months, can improve its efficiency and lifespan.
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